White Paper

How Information Operations Lead to Disinformation and Misinformation

1 min read
information operations

Information operations (IO) refers to the use of coordinated, inauthentic online assets and/or deceptive tactics to influence target audiences. As a tactic, IO has been growing in scale, frequency and scope during the past few years, as nation-states and other groups around the world seek new ways to influence or manipulate target audiences.

Mandiant tracks a range of activity across the online influence spectrum to generate intelligence that contributes to the exposure and mitigation of threats that result from IO. For years, Mandiant has identified and reported on IO campaigns judged to be operating in support of, or on behalf of nation-st ate actors, including Belarusian, Russian, Chinese and Iranian campaigns as well as information operations conducted by actors unaffiliated with any nation-state. Our primary focus is to identify, analyze and expose efforts to manipulate target information environments using deceptive tactics.